Posted On : 25th September, 2019 by Pranjal Kaushiley
One of the most discussed and most anticipated upcoming technology trends for 2019 is the Fifth Generation (5G) wireless network technology. It is expected to be a catalyst for innovations across various industries as everyone is scrambling to adapt to the upgrade. According to an Ericsson survey, 92% of executives from 100 major telecom operators, globally, agree that 5G will pave the way for new emerging technologies.
5G is the next evolution in mobile phone networks. In the last two decades we’ve witnessed the launch of 3G, then 4G, and now we shall see the launch of 5G which will roll-out significantly faster than 4G.
Various researches and discussions are currently under process, across the world, among technologists, researchers, academicians, vendors, operators and governments about the innovations, implementation, viability and security concerns of 5G.
Fifth-generation wireless (5G) the latest iteration of cellular technology, is engineered to greatly increase the speed and responsiveness of wireless networks. With 5G data transmitted over wireless broadband connections could be transferred at rates as high as 20 Gbps by some estimates — exceeding wireline network speeds — as well as offer latency of 1 ms or lower for uses that require real-time feedback. 5G will also enable a sharp increase in the amount of data transmitted over wireless systems due to more available bandwidth and advanced antenna technology.
Thus, 5G offers enormous potential for consumers and industries through its prospect of being considerably faster than existing technologies. 5G holds the promise of applications with high social and economic value in which mobile will play an ever more important role in people’s lives leading to a hyper-connected society. A significant role will be played by the Global System Mobile Association (GSMA) in shaping the strategic, commercial and regulatory development of the 5G ecosystem. Areas that will be included are the definition of roaming and interconnect in 5G, the identification and alignment of suitable spectrum bands. The technical requirements that necessitate a true generational shift for 5G are sub-1ms latency and greater than 1 Gbps downlink speed. It offers a huge quantity of broadcasting data in GB which can sustain more than 60,000 connections. It also offers huge bi-directional bandwidth.
A Culmination of Some Features of 5G
- Up to 10Gbps data rate I.e. greater than 10 to 100 times improvement over 4G and 4.5G networks
- 1-millisecond latency
- 1000 times bandwidth per unit area
- Up to 100 times more number of connected devices per unit area (compared with 4G LTE)
- 99.999% availability
- 100% coverage
- 90% reduction in network energy usage
- Up to 10-year battery life for low power IoT devices
Advantages 0f 5G
- High resolution and bi-directional large bandwidth shipping.
- More effective and efficient.
- Easily manageable with previous generations.
- Possible to provide uniform, uninterrupted and consistent connectivity across the world.
- Technology to facilitate subscriber supervision tools for quick action.
- Technological sound to support more than 60,000 connections.
Disadvantages 0f 5G
- Though 5G technology is close to reality and conceptualized to solve all radio signals problems and hardship of mobile world, because of some security reason and lack of technological advancement in most geographic regions, it has following shortcomings.
- Technology is still under process and research on its viability is going on.
- The speed that this technology is claiming seems difficult to achieve in future because of incompetent technological support.
- Security and privacy issues are yet to be solved.
- Many of the old devices are not competent enough to be included in 5G, hence all of them need to be replaced with new expensive devices.
- Developing infrastructure needs high cost.
5G and its impact on various emerging technologies.
Impact of 5G On Artificial Intelligence (AI)
AI is poised to allow machines and systems to function with intelligence levels similar to that of humans. With 5G helping in the background online simulations for analysis, reasoning, data fitting, clustering and optimizations, AI will become more reliable and accessible whilst being much faster at the same time. Imagine that once you have trained your systems to perform certain tasks, performing analysis will become automatic and faster while costing far less.
Put simply, 5G speeds up the services that you may have on the cloud, an effect similar to being local to the service. AI gets to analyze the same data faster and can learn faster to be able to develop according to users’ needs. Faster analysis will mean faster execution a monumental benefit to both the industries and consumers.
Impact of 5G On the Internet of Things (IoT)
More than anything else the impending 5G network will especially help establish the Internet of Things as an indispensable part of our world, by laying the foundation for unleashing its full potential. Gartner speculates 20.4 billion connected devices in the world by 2020, a number that will continue to rise. The current wireless infrastructure simply does not have the capacity to accommodate so many devices and ensure an exchange of information without minor lags.
5G promises a more IoT friendly ecosystem, with vast improvements over the current capabilities of the 4G. 4G is inadequate for handling the data load from the ever-increasing number of sensors and connected devices coming online, limiting what IoT can truly achieve. With its high data speed, low latency, more flexibility, low energy consumption, cost-effectiveness and ability to withstand a far greater number of devices, the 5G is the perfect enabler for the Internet of Things and its assets.
We are looking at a future where not just mobiles, computers and tablets are linked to the internet, but a whole array of everyday objects, grocery products, automated vehicles even city-wide assets will be connected for the flow of information. This presents new business opportunities for the emergence of organizations providing services and apps to manage complex IoT ecosystems and convert data into smart insights. 5G will play a significant part in transforming not just how we communicate, but businesses and society as a whole as well.
Impact of 5G On Immersive & Interactive Technologies (AR/VR/MR/XR)
The initial implementations of AR applications in the consumer (navigation, virtual tourism, immersive gaming) and at the enterprise level will become seamless once 5G networks become widespread.
A few factors that will be improved are
- Data Transfer Speed – For a VR application like immersive gaming to happen, the entire 360-degree frame information needs to be sent with below 20 ms lag, which is shown to cause nausea in a VR viewing setup. Even if the frame splices are being sent as the head is moving, it is still a considerable chunk of data that needs to travel from some content delivery network (CDN) endpoint through the towers to the user equipment and get rendered. With the promise of less than 1ms lag 5G will be a godsend to the transfer speed that immersive technologies hope for.
- Data Congestion – The higher bandwidth consumption to deliver 4K or UHD video to provide a non-pixelated and non-lagged experience to the player will cause massive congestion if a popular game is being played or application runs in VR mode by a number of players beyond a certain threshold. 5G affords the users a much higher bandwidth to accommodate this factor.
- High-Frequency Band Required – The highest bandwidths like 10Gbps and 40Gbps is possible only through higher frequency bands. But these have interference challenges that are still unaddressed. Typical towers and small cells will not be able to sustain the kind of data transfer rates advertised with the density of connected devices advertised. 5G will bring forth speeds in of 20 Gbps and above with ease.
Impact of 5G On Cloud Computing
Trying to come up with a definitive list of every possible aspect of cloud computing that 5G will affect is likely an impossible task, as we won’t fully know until it’s widely rolled out and customers and enterprises have had a chance to acclimatize to it. But even in these days of 5G infancy, there are definite knowns.
First, as we have covered, 5G will effectively eliminate latency, allowing the device to connect nearly instantly. What does that mean for the cloud? In theory – it could mean the death knell for cloud computing as a whole.
Think about it. One of the main reasons the cloud is so beneficial is for numerous devices – either in an organization for a private cloud or any user with an Internet connection for a public cloud – to connect to and transmit data with a central machine or hard drive located on the cloud. For an employee to share a large video file with a colleague who’s working from home that day, the cloud made it simple – just put it on the shared drive, wait for it to upload, notify your co-worker it’s up there, and he or she can download it from the same shared drive.
But why go through all that if your device can connect with your colleague’s device with only a millisecond of latency and a minimum connection speed of 20 Gbps down and 10 Gbps up? That large 10-gigabyte video can be transferred from user to user directly in about eight seconds and there’s no need to go through an additional step or use an online repository.
However, 5G will lead to a shift toward edge computing. Edge computing is a distributed, open IT architecture that features decentralized processing power, enabling mobile computing. Edge computing enables data-stream acceleration, including real-time data processing without latency. With this shift, businesses will no longer have to rely on conglomerates for their cloud computing needs.
The development of a ubiquitous wireless network that will marry data collection and computation with billions of devices will provide us with unprecedented insights and abilities that will change what we do and how we do it.
Reduced to its most elementary definition, 5G may sound a lot like its predecessors — a set of invisible radio waves that transmit information between devices, just faster. Replete with a host of alphanumeric acronyms, it’s going to radically upend many aspects of our lives, just like 4G LTE and 3G before it.
Unlike its predecessors though, 5G is a technological paradigm shift, akin to the shift from typewriter to computer. And it isn’t just a network. 5G will become the underlying fabric of an entire ecosystem of fully connected intelligent sensors and devices, capable of overhauling economic and business policies, and further blurring geographical and cultural borders. It will be capable of delivering at every rung of the ecosystem’s ladder and will provide seamless, continuous connectivity for business applications.
All industries will feel the effects of the shift to 5G. In particular automotive, health care, and the Internet of Things (IoT) are expected to bring about dramatic transformations in our daily lives. For example, think about the relationship between the smart city and an autonomous car. With a 5G connection, your car will know your ETA at work, taking the optimal route based on traffic data communicated from other cars and the roadways. While a handful of companies are working on this level of automation, the ability to deliver this type of functionality at scale will require the marriage of intelligent devices and the 5G network.
In health care, 5G will enable always-on, secure device connectivity for patients, caregivers, and care providers. The combination of timely medical-grade connectivity and data integration across the care continuum will lead to radically transformed, predictive care.
And when it comes to IoT, 5G will upgrade the human experience as we connect virtually everything. By 2020, analysts estimate that there will be more than 20 billion installed IoT devices around the world, generating massive amounts of data. With access to this kind of information, industries of all kinds will be able to reach new levels of efficiency as they add products, services, and capabilities.
In conclusion with the ever-growing data produced and processed in emerging tech a faster network which provides more bandwidth will be revolutionary.